Second Conditional

The Second Conditional is used to talk about 'impossible' situations.

Note that after I / he/ she /it we often use the subjunctive form 'were' and not 'was'. (Some people think that 'were' is the only 'correct' form but other people think 'was' is equally 'correct' .)

Note the form 'If I were you' which is often used to give advice.

The Second Conditional is also used to talk about 'unlikely' situations.

Note that the choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the speaker's attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples. Otto thinks these things are possible, Peter doesn't.

Note that the 'If clause' can contain the past simple or the past continuous.

Note that the main clause can contain 'would' 'could' or 'might.

Also note that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.

exercise 1

exercise 2

exercise 3

exercise 4

exercise 5

exercise 6

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